Frequently Asked Questions on The Transactional Model of Stress and Coping

FAQ on The Transactional Model of Stress and Coping

1. What is the Transactional Model of Stress and Coping?

The Transactional Model of Stress and Coping is a framework that explores how individuals perceive and respond to stressors. It emphasizes the dynamic interaction between individuals and their environment during stressful situations.

2. How does the model address the limitations of earlier stress theories?

The model addresses the limitations by focusing on the subjective nature of stress experiences, acknowledging cognitive processes, and highlighting the ongoing interplay between individuals and their environment, challenging the earlier stimulus-response perspective.

3. What are stressors in the context of this model?

Stressors are events or situations perceived as threatening or challenging. They can be external (e.g., job demands) or internal (e.g., health concerns). The critical factor is the individual’s perception of these stressors, which varies from person to person.

4. Can you provide an example of the model’s application in health psychology?

Indeed, the model is applied to understand and manage chronic illness in health psychology. For instance, individuals diagnosed with diabetes undergo ongoing stress related to their health. Healthcare professionals use the model to assess patients’ appraisals, identify coping strategies, and tailor interventions to improve health outcomes.

5. How does the Transactional Model contribute to organizational psychology?

In organizational psychology, the model helps understand and manage workplace stress. Employees facing high job demands and limited resources can use the model to assess their ability to cope with stressors. With this understanding, organizations can implement stress management programs, foster a supportive work environment, and reduce employee burnout.